What is a Digital Photograph?
Digital photographs are made up of hundreds of thousands or millions of tiny squares called picture elements-or just pixels. Like the impressionists who painted wonderful scenes with small dabs of paint, your computer and printer can use these tiny pixels to display or print photographs. To do so, the computer divides the screen or printed page into a grid of pixels. It then uses the values stored in the digital photograph to specify the brightness and color of each pixel in this grid-a form of painting by number. Controlling, or addressing a grid of individual pixels in this way is called bit mapping and digital images are called bit-maps.
The quality of a digital image, whether printed or displayed on a screen, depends in part on the number of pixels used to create the image (sometimes referred to as resolution). More pixels add detail and sharpen edges.